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François Jacob

François Jacob, French biologist, educator. Achievements include research in on genetics bacterial cells and viruses; contributor to mechanisms of information transfer (messenger Ribonucleic acid) and genetic basis of regulatory circuits, early stages of the mouse embryo. Recipient Charles Leopold Mayer prize, 1962, Nobel prize in physiology and medicine (with A. Lwoff and J. Monod), 1965.

Background

  • Jacob, François was born on June 17, 1920 in Nancy, France. Son of Simon and Therese (Franck) Jacob.

  • Education

    • Doctor of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Paris, 1947; Doctor of Science, Faculty of Sciences, Paris, 1954; Doctor of Science (honorary), University Chicago, 1965; Dr (honorary), various universities.

    Career

    • Assistant Pasteur Institute, 1950—1956, head department cellular genetics, 1960—1992, president, 1982—1988. Professor cellular genetics College of France, 1964—1992. Professor emeritus College of France and Institute Pasteur, since 1992.

    Major achievements

    • Achievements include research in on genetics bacterial cells and viruses. Contributor to mechanisms of information transfer (messenger Ribonucleic acid) and genetic basis of regulatory circuits, early stages of the mouse embryo.

    Membership

    Member of Royal Academy of Sciences Madrid, Academy of Sciences Hungary, Royal Academy Medicine Belgique, Royal Society (London), American Philos Society, National Academy of Sciences, American Academy Arts and Sciences (foreign), Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters (foreign), Academy Française Paris, Academy of Sciences (Paris).

    Connections

    • Married Lysiane Bloch, November 27, 1947 (deceased 1984). Children: Pierre, Laurent, Odile, Henri.

      Married Geneviève Barrier, 1999.
    • child: Pierre Jacob
    • child: Laurent Jacob
    • child: Odile Jacob
    • child: Henri Jacob
    • mother: Therese (Franck) Jacob
    • spouse: Lysiane Bloch
    • spouse: Geneviève Barrier
    • father: Simon
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    Born June 17, 1920
    Nationality
    • 1947
      Faculty of Medicine
    • 1954
      Faculty of Sciences
    • 1965
      University Chicago
    • 1964 - 1992
      professor, cellular genetics College of France
    • 1992
      professor, emeritus College of France and Institute Pasteur
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