Helmut Kohl, former Chancellor of Germany. Named Honorary Citizen of Europe, 1998; recipient Grand Cross in Special Design of Order of Merit of Federal Republic of Germany, 1998, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Government of United States, 1999, Gold Medal, Jean Monnet Foundation for Europe, 2007.
Kohl, Helmut was born on April 3, 1930 in Ludwigshafen, Germany. Son of Hans and Cäcilie (Schnur) Kohl.
Studied law, political science and history, University Frankfurt; Doctor of Philosophy, University Heidelberg, 1958; HHD (honorary), Ateneo de Manila University, 1996; Doctor of Laws (honorary), Brandeis University, 1998.
Staff member trade association, 1958. Member Landtag Rheinland-Pfalz, 1959. Chairman Chistian Democratic Union party Landtag group, 1963.
Minister president Rheinland Pfalz, 1969-1976. Vice chairman Christian Democratic Union party Germany, 1969, chairman, 1973-1998. Chairman, leader of opposition in Deutsche Bundestag Christian Democratic Union/CSU Parliamentary Party, 1976-1982.
Chancellor of Federal Republic Germany Bonn, 1982-1991. Chancellor of reunited Germany, 1991-1998.